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Symptoms and causes of anorexia nervosa





Anorexia nervosa  is an eating disorder characterized by an abnormally low body weight, a strong fear of gaining weight, and a skewed sense of body weight. Anorexics place a high priority on maintaining their weight and shape, and they go to great lengths to do so, which can drastically disrupt their lives.

People with anorexia frequently aggressively restrict their food intake to avoid weight gain or to maintain weight loss. They may restrict their calorie intake by vomiting after meals or abusing laxatives, diet aids, diuretics, or enemas. They may also try to lose weight by exercising excessively. No matter how much weight is dropped, the person is still afraid of gaining it again.

Anorexia has nothing to do with food. It’s a tremendously harmful and, in some cases, life-threatening technique of dealing with emotional issues. When you have anorexia, thinness is generally associated with self-worth.

Like other eating disorders, anorexia may take over your life and be extremely difficult to overcome.

However, with treatment, you can regain a stronger sense of self, resume healthier eating habits, and reverse some of anorexia’s harmful consequences.

Symptoms of anorexia nervosa.

Starvation is linked to the physical signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa. Anorexia also involves mental and behavioral disorders such as an inaccurate body weight perception and a great fear of gaining weight or becoming fat.

Because what constitutes a low body weight varies from person to person, and some people do not appear to be exceedingly thin, it can be difficult to detect indications and symptoms. Furthermore, anorexics frequently conceal their thinness, eating habits, or physical concerns.

Physical manifestations:

Anorexia’s physical indications and symptoms include:

Extreme weight loss or failure to meet developmental milestones

a slim figure

Blood counts are abnormal.



Dizziness or passing out

Fingers with a bluish discoloration

Hair that is thinned, broken, or falling out

The body is covered in soft, downy hair.

Menstruation is not occurring.

Constipation and stomach ache

Skin that is dry or yellowish

Cold intolerance.

Heart rhythm irregularities

Blood pressure is low.


Arms or legs swelling

Induced vomiting resulted in eroded teeth and calluses on the knuckles.

Similar to bulimia, some persons with anorexia binge and purge. However, people with anorexia usually have an abnormally low body weight, whereas people with bulimia usually have a normal to above-normal weight.


Behavioral and emotional symptoms

Anorexia’s behavioral signs can include attempts to shed weight by:

Dieting or fasting to severely restrict food consumption

Excessive physical activity

Binge eating and self-induced vomiting to get rid of food, which can include laxatives, enemas, diet aids, or herbal medicines.

The following are examples of emotional and behavioral indications and symptoms:

Food obsession, which might include preparing extravagant meals for others but not consuming them.

Frequently missing or refusing to eat meals

Making reasons for avoiding eating or denying hunger

Eating only a few “safe” foods, which are usually low in fat and calories

Strict meal or eating routines, such as throwing out food after chewing

Not wanting to eat in front of others

Lying about the amount of food consumed

Fear of gaining weight, which may include weighing or measuring the body repeatedly.

Checking in the mirror for perceived imperfections on a regular basis

Complaining about being overweight or having fat body parts

Putting on layers of clothing to keep warm

Mood is dull (lack of emotion)

Social isolation



Interest in sex has waned.

When should you see a doctor?

Unfortunately, many persons suffering from anorexia do not want to be treated, at least at first. Their drive to stay skinny takes precedence over their health concerns. If you have concerns about a loved one, encourage him or her to see a doctor.

Get treatment if you’re having any of the issues described above, or if you suspect you might have an eating disorder. If you’re hiding your anorexia from loved ones, locate someone you can confide in and talk to about it.

Causes of Anorexia Nervosa.

Anorexia’s exact cause is unknown. It’s likely a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental components, like with many disorders.

Biological. Although the exact genes involved are unknown, genetic variations may put some people at a higher risk of developing anorexia. Perfectionism, sensitivity, and perseverance are all attributes related with anorexia, and some people may have a genetic inclination toward them.

Psychological. Some people with anorexia have obsessive-compulsive personality traits, which make it easier for them to stick to rigid diets and avoid eating even when they are hungry. They may have an excessive need for perfection, leading them to believe they are never skinny enough. They may also suffer from high levels of anxiety and use restrictive eating to cope.

Environmental. Thinness is emphasized in modern Western culture. Being slim is frequently associated with success and worth. Peer pressure, especially among young girls, may contribute to the desire to be skinny.

Risk elements of Anorexia Nervosa.

Girls and women are more likely to suffer from anorexia. However, eating disorders are becoming more common in boys and men, probably as a result of increased social pressures.

Teenagers are also more prone to anorexia. This eating problem can affect persons of any age, though it is more common in those over 40. Teens may be particularly vulnerable due to the physical changes that occur during puberty. They may also feel more pressure from their peers and be more sensitive to criticism or even casual comments about their weight or physical shape.

Anorexia is caused by a number of reasons, including:

Genetics. Changes in specific genes may increase the risk of anorexia in some persons. Those who have a first-degree relative with anorexia — a parent, sibling, or kid — are at a significantly higher risk.

Starvation and dieting. Dieting has been linked to the development of eating disorders. Many of the symptoms of anorexia are actually symptoms of starvation, according to evidence. Starvation has an effect on the brain, causing mood swings, inflexible thinking, anxiety, and appetite loss. In vulnerable individuals, starvation and weight loss may alter the way the brain works, perpetuating restrictive eating practices and making it difficult to return to regular eating habits.

Transitions. Change can cause emotional stress and increase the risk of anorexia, whether it’s a new school, house, or job; a relationship breakup; or the loss or illness of a loved one.


Anorexia can cause a variety of problems. It can be lethal in its most extreme form. Death can strike anyone at any time, even if they are not very underweight. This can be caused by abnormal cardiac rhythms (arrhythmias) or an electrolyte imbalance (minerals like sodium, potassium, and calcium that keep your body’s fluid balance).

Other anorexic complications include:

Mitral valve prolapse, irregular heart rhythms, and heart failure are all examples of cardiac issues.

Osteoporosis, or bone loss, increases the risk of fractures.

Muscle atrophy

Absence of a menstruation in females

Reduced testosterone levels in men

Constipation, bloating, or nausea are common gastrointestinal issues.

Low blood potassium, sodium, and chloride levels are examples of electrolyte disorders.

Kidney issues

Every organ in the body, including the brain, heart, and kidneys, can be affected if a person with anorexia becomes extremely malnourished. Even when anorexia is under control, this damage may not be totally reversible.

Anorexia sufferers frequently suffer from other mental health conditions in addition to the physical complications. Some examples are:

Anxiety, depression, and other mood disorders

Disorders of personality

Obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCDs) are a type of compulsive
Misuse of alcohol and other drugs
Suicide attempts, self-injury, or suicidal thoughts


Anorexia nervosa cannot be completely avoided. Primary care physicians (pediatricians, family physicians, and internists) may be able to detect early signs of anorexia and prevent it from progressing to full-blown sickness. During routine medical appointments, they can, for example, inquire about eating habits and contentment with appearance.

Consider talking to a family member or friend about low self-esteem, severe dietary habits, or unhappiness with looks if you observe these difficulties. Although you may not be able to avoid the onset of an eating issue, you can discuss better behaviors or treatment choices.


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Eight Health Advantages of Guava Fruit and Leaves





Tropical plants from Central America are the source of guavas.

Their fruits are oval in shape, with skin that is either pale green or yellow, and the seeds are edible. Additionally, guava leaf extract is utilized as a supplement, and the leaves are used to make a herbal tea.

Guava fruits are incredibly high in fiber, vitamin C, potassium, and antioxidants. They have numerous health advantages thanks to this exceptional nutrient content.

style="text-align: left;">Here are 8 guava fruit and leaf health advantages supported by scientific research.

1. Might Aid in Blood Sugar Control

Guava may help you better regulate your blood sugar, according to some data.

Guava leaf extract reduced blood sugar levels, long-term blood sugar control, and insulin resistance, according to several test-tube and animal investigations.

For individuals at risk or who have diabetes, this is good news.

A few human experiments have also produced some striking outcomes.

A 19-person study found that drinking guava leaf tea after a meal reduced blood sugar levels. The results persisted for up to two hours.

In a second trial, 20 participants with type 2 diabetes who drank guava leaf tea after eating had their blood sugar levels drop by more than 10%.

2. Could Improve Heart Health

Guavas have a lot of potential benefits for heart health.

Many scientists think that the abundant vitamins and antioxidants in guava leaves may help shield your heart from oxidative damage caused by free radicals.

Guavas’ greater potassium and soluble fiber content are also believed to benefit heart health.

Guava leaf extract has also been associated with reduced blood pressure, a rise in “good” HDL cholesterol, and a drop in “bad” LDL cholesterol.

Taking guava leaf extract may have beneficial effects because high blood pressure and high levels of LDL cholesterol are associated with increased risks of heart disease and stroke.

Additionally, the fruit might be advantageous for heart health as well.


Eating ripe guava before meals resulted in an overall drop in blood pressure of 8 to 9 points, a fall in total cholesterol of 9.9 percent, and an increase in “good” HDL cholesterol of 8 percent, according to a 12-week trial of 120 participants.

Numerous other investigations have observed this same impact.

3. Could ease uncomfortable menstrual symptoms

Dysmenorrhea, which includes uncomfortable menstrual symptoms such stomach cramps, is a common occurrence among women.

There is some proof, nevertheless, that guava leaf extract may lessen the severity of menstrual cramps’ discomfort.

According to a study involving 197 women who had severe symptoms, ingesting 6 mg of guava leaf extract daily lessened the severity of the pain. It gave the impression of being much more potent than certain painkillers.

Another theory suggests that guava leaf extract can ease menstrual cramps.

4. Might Be Beneficial For Your Digestive System

A great source of dietary fiber is guavas.

Consequently, increasing your guava intake may promote regular bowel motions and ward off constipation.

One guava can give you 12% of the daily required amount of fiber.

Guava leaf extract may also be advantageous to intestinal health. According to studies, it might lessen the severity and duration of diarrhea.

Several research have also demonstrated the antibacterial properties of guava leaf extract. This indicates that it has the ability to eliminate potentially dangerous intestinal microorganisms that can result in diarrhea.


5. Can Help You Lose Weight

Guavas are a healthy fruit for shedding pounds.

Fruits are a full, low-calorie snack because they have only 37 calories per fruit and provide 12 percent of the daily necessary fiber intake.

They are nutrient-dense, unlike some other low-calorie snacks, so you aren’t missing out on any essential vitamins or minerals.

6. Might Have Cancer-Preventive Effects

It has been demonstrated that guava leaf extract has anticancer properties. Guava extract can inhibit and even stop the growth of cancer cells, according to research conducted on animals and in test tubes.

This is most likely caused by the abundance of potent antioxidants, which shield cells from the cell-damaging effects of free radicals, one of the primary cancer-causing agents.

Guava leaf oil was found to be four times more effective than some cancer medications in one test-tube trial at halting the growth of cancer cells.

Although the outcomes of tests in test tubes are encouraging, guava leaf extract does not necessarily help treat cancer in humans. Before any conclusions can be drawn, more research is required.

7. Might Strengthen Your Immunity

An increased risk of infections and illnesses is associated with low levels of vitamin C.

As one of the best food sources of vitamin C, guavas are a great method to receive this nutrient.

In fact, one guava has roughly twice as much vitamin C as is recommended daily (RDI). You would receive about twice as much from an orange as this.

A strong immune system is maintained in large part by vitamin C.

Vitamin C has been demonstrated to shorten the length of colds, even if it hasn’t been proven to prevent them.

It also has antibacterial advantages. This indicates that it aids in the elimination of harmful bacteria and viruses that might cause infections.

It’s critical to routinely consume adequate vitamin C through your diet because it can be quickly drained out of your system.

8. Consuming Guavas Could Benefit Your Skin

A guava’s diverse array of vitamins and antioxidants may do wonders for your skin. Its antioxidants might shield your skin from harm, which might delay aging and help avoid wrinkles.

Furthermore, applying guava leaf extract directly to your skin may potentially help treat acne.

Guava leaf extract was found to be effective at killing acne-causing bacteria in a test-tube study, most likely because of its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities.

To validate the effect of guavas and guava extract in preserving good skin, more research is required.

The Conclusion

Guavas are wonderfully tasty and full with vitamins.

This tropical fruit is a great complement to a balanced diet because it is high in fiber and low in calories.

The advantages of guava leaf extracts, which are consumed as dietary supplements, have also been supported by numerous research.

Guava fruit and leaf extracts may improve your immune system, digestion, and heart health in addition to other advantages.





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How to relieve burning throat: 7 causes




The usual sign of infections and other underlying medical disorders is a burning throat. It may appear on its own or in conjunction with other symptoms.

A burning throat is frequently treatable at home. Recovery depends on getting lots of rest and consuming plenty of fluids.

Discover the potential reasons of a burning throat in this article, and discover when to seek medical attention. We also go over some easy home cures for treating the ailment.

The Causes And Remedies

A burning throat may have a variety of causes, including:

1. Flu and colds

A cold or the flu is a typical reason for a burning throat. These infections, which impact the respiratory, or breathing, system, are brought on by viruses.

The following are typical cold and flu symptoms:

A sore throat

The cough

A blocked nose

Sore muscles



Anyone experiencing severe symptoms of the flu should consult a doctor since it can lead to complications. Breathing difficulties, chest pain, convulsions, and lightheadedness are some of these symptoms.

2. Tonsillitis

At the back of the throat are tissue lumps called tonsils that aid in the defense against bacteria and viruses. An infection called tonsillitis causes the tonsils to enlarge.

Typically, an infection results in:

Discomfort and pain in the throat

Having trouble swallowing

Red or enlarged tonsils



The flu

An ear pain

Tonsillitis typically gets better in 1-2 weeks.

dependable source Home remedies for the condition include lots of rest, drinks, over-the-counter pain relievers, and throat lozenges.


The muscle that connects the esophagus, or food pipe, to the stomach weakens or relaxes, resulting in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Food or stomach acid may rise into the throat and occasionally the back of the mouth when the muscle is not sufficiently tight.


Heartburn is the predominant symptom of GERD. Additional signs include:


Poor breath

Chest pain

Having trouble swallowing

The feeling of burning in the throat

Changing one’s lifestyle as part of treatment frequently entails eliminating rich or acidic items from the diet. Some people need to be medicated or operated on.

4. Strep throat 

A person with strep throat may suffer a fever, a burning sensation in their throat, and discomfort when swallowing.

Several unpleasant sensations are brought on by the bacterial illness known as strep throat.

Strep throat symptoms can appear suddenly and include the following:

A sore throat

Difficulty swallowing

A flu



Red or enlarged tonsils


A throat swab can be used to diagnose strep throat, and a doctor may also recommend antibiotics. During healing, a person should also get lots of rest and hydration.

5. Mono

Mono, also referred to as infectious mononucleosis, is a highly contagious viral infection. Young adults and teenagers are most likely to contract itTrusted Source.

The ailment usually manifests itself 4-6 weeks after first coming into touch with the virus. An early sign of mono is a sore or burning throat.

Additional signs include:


Extreme fatigue

Sore muscles


A rash

Mono usually requires 2-4 weeks to heal, although some people experience symptoms for months. Rest, over-the-counter pain relievers, and drinking lots of fluids are all part of the treatment.

Mono spreads like wildfire. Doctors advise those who have it to avoid kissing and to avoid sharing food, drinks, or toothbrushes.

6. The burning mouth condition

A painful condition is burning mouth syndrome. It hurts and gives the mouth and surrounding area a burning or tingling sensation.

A peculiar aftertaste in the mouth and dry mouth are other symptoms. The lips, tongue, or roof of the mouth may be impacted.

Before making a diagnosis of burning mouth syndrome, a doctor may do tests to rule out underlying reasons.

7. Esophagitis

Esophagitis is esophageal inflammation. This inflammation can be brought on by GERD, medication, an infection, or an allergy.

Heartburn, swallowing issues, and a burning throat are typical symptoms.

Esophagitis needs to be treated in order to prevent long-term health problems, although recovery is possible.

Esophagitis with eosinophilia is one variation of the illness. This is a persistent food allergy that results in inflammation of the food pipe. The diagnosis might be difficult, and different professionals may need to collaborate on the treatment strategy.

Eosinophilic esophagitis can be diagnosed by a doctor using a tissue sample from the patient’s throat, a skin prick test, or blood tests.

Eliminating a particular food from the diet that is triggering the reaction frequently alleviates the inflammation.

A Home Remedy

A person may need medical attention, depending on the medical condition causing the burning in the throat.

However, home remedies can be useful for treating symptoms and relieving discomfort when the ailment is the result of a cold, flu, or tonsillitis.

When fighting off a cold or the flu, it’s important to stay hydrated because the body loses fluids through sweating and runny nose. The body can work better and resist viruses and bacteria with the aid of water.

Drinking enough of liquids can aid in preventing the throat from drying out, which can irritate it. Try consuming a beverage made of hot water, honey, and lemon to relieve throat discomfort.

Heat relaxes muscles and helps ease discomfort, so keeping the throat warm can also help with soreness. For warmth, loosely encircle the neck in a scarf.

Resting is important because the body needs time to heal. Reduced activity and time off from work or school can aid in recuperation and stop the spread of infections.

Whenever to visit a doctor

A person should consult their doctor if they experience both chest pain and a burning throat.

Tonsillitis or a cold are typically best treated at home. Medication may be necessary for other conditions.

Consult a doctor if a sore throat persists for longer than two weeks.

A burning throat may be accompanied by more severe symptoms. Adults who exhibit any of the following symptoms in addition to the flu may require emergency medical care:

Chest pain



Not going potty

Severe muscular ache

Extreme fragility

Having trouble breathing


If there are any questions regarding symptoms, persons over the age of 65, children, pregnant women, and those with compromised immune systems should consult a doctor.


In conclusion, tonsillitis, GERD, colds, and other illnesses can all result in a burning sensation in the throat.

Keep the neck wet and use other natural therapies to relieve the soreness.

Consult a doctor for a complete diagnosis and treatment if symptoms are severe or if over-the-counter medications do not sufficiently relieve them within a few weeks.


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Green Tea – Health Benefits





Green Tea – Health Benefits

You know that green tea provides many benefits for us and our health. Chinese knew about the health benefits of green tea long ago and they are using green tea to treat everything, from headaches to stress. We give you 18 good reasons why you should drink this magical herb.

1. Green Tea helps in weight loss

Green tea helps in melting fat, which is very good if we are willing to lose weight. Except burning fat, green tea also boosts our metabolism naturally. It can help us burn up to 70 calories in just one day. That means if we consume green tea regularly we can lose up to 3.5 kg (7.5 lbs) per year.

2. Green Tea reduces blood cholesterol levels

Green tea can help reducing blood cholesterol levels. It also enhances relationship between bad cholesterol and good cholesterol, by reducing bad cholesterol level.

3. Green Tea prevents heart diseases

Green tea helps preventing heart disease and stroke, thus reduces bad cholesterol level.  After a heart attack, green tea speeds up the recovery of the heart cells.

4. Green Tea reduces risk of cancer

Green tea helps reducing the risk of cancer. Antioxidants in green tea are more effective than vitamin C and also are considered to be much better than vitamin E. It helps your body protect cells from damage related to cancer.

5. Green Tea reduces the risk of arthritis

Green tea can reduce and sometimes help against the risk of rheumatoid arthritis. It protects the cartilage by blocking the enzyme that destroys cartilage.

6. Green Tea is good for treating Alzheimer’s

There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, but green tea helps in slowing down the process that releases acetylcholine in the brain, leading to Alzheimer’s disease, so it helps improving your memory.

7. Green Tea strengthens our bones

Green tea has high fluoride content. Fluoride helps maintaining bone strength. If you drink green tea every day, it will help you keep your bone density.

8. Green Tea for anti-aging treatment

Green tea helps against aging and helps us look beautiful and younger. This benefit comes due to the antioxidants known as polyphenols which fight against harmful effects of free radicals causing skin aging and wrinkling.

 9. Green Tea prevents obesity


Green tea prevents obesity by stopping glucose turn into fat cells. If you drink green tea and if you practice healthy diet, also if you exercise regularly, you will never be overweight and you will have nice sculpted body and excellent health.


10. Green Tea is good for patients with diabetes

Green tea improves glucose metabolism and prevents increasing of blood sugar levels.

11. Green Tea helps preventing high blood pressure

Drinking green tea helps keeping lower blood pressure by repressing angiotensin, which leads to high blood pressure.

12. Green Tea helps preventing Parkinson’s disease

People who drink green tea reduce the probability of having Parkinson’s disease. Antioxidants in green tea help preventing brain cell damage, which could cause Parkinson’s disease.

13. Green Tea is good for liver diseases

It helps preventing transplantation in people with liver failure. Green tea also destroys harmful free radicals in fatty liver.

14. Green Tea strengthens the immune system

Green tea contains flavonoids and polyphenols which help in strengthening the immune system, making your body become stronger and fight against infections.

15. Green Tea reduces blood sugar

Green tea contains polyphenols and polysaccharides that help us reducing blood sugar.

16. Green tea helps fighting flu and allergies

Green tea contains Vitamin C which helps preventing and also fighting flu. Epigallocatechin gallate which is found in green tea relieves allergies.

17. Green Tea reduces stress and helps against tooth decay

Green tea is rich in L-theanine – amino acid which can help reducing stress. Green tea also destroys viruses and bacteria which cause many dental diseases of teeth.

 18. Green Tea prevents food poisoning

Green tea contains antioxidant catechin capable of destroying bacteria responsible for food poisoning, green tea also kills toxins in our body.



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